so dien thoai cave tay ninh

In the long way history of Buddhism, an ancient and profound religion which has been constantly developing and modernising, Buddhist architecture has been changing increasingly both in form and content.

From small buts for some monks in early times, they have gradually become large monasteries or Pagodas for a community of monks, together with dome-shaped or multi-faceted stupas enshrining holy Buddhist relics, subordinate structures, stele houses, statues, religious decorations and musical instruments…. Today, one can see in a typical pagoda a harmonious and original combination of various characteristic of Buddhist architecture.

Once Buddhism has taken root in any new land, it makes its penetration into all aspects of life there. Several research works on Buddhist Pagodas that have been issued recently arouse interest both in the Vietnamese culture and Buddist culture. Through pictures and stories of those famous pagodas, the two authors have made a particular attempt to present different ways of living, patterns of behaviour and mental attitudes of several Buddhist scholars or historical figures, and even personal feelings or the delicacy of distinguished men of letters or skilful craftsman relating to folktales, songs and poems of the time, thus creating a vivid panorama of Vietnamese history coloured with diverse traditional ways and customs, now realistic, now romantic.

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Despite their careful study of historical documents, the authors do not intend to lay emphasis on scientific research, but they merely aim at revealing the originality in Vietnamese sculptural and architectural designs tinted with a touch of nostalgia. Statistically there are more than 14, pagodas scattered all over the country.

In fact, each of them more or less enhanced the charm of natural scenery with its own attractiveness. The term "Danh lam thang canh" is a popular Vietnamese expression in which celebrated pagodas and beauty-spots go in pairs, suggesting that the beauty of pagodas is part of the beauties of nature and vice versa.

Yet in a bustling city, the presence of a pagoda can bring a sense of relief from the discomfort of the busy atmosphere or even the superficiality of modern life. In this sense, the authors are faced with a difficult choice from such a wide variety of pagoda patterns. But what has influenced them most in their selection of these 45 pagodas? It is obvious that within the format of this book, priority is given to pagodas which, to some extent, represent the development of Vietnamese Buddhism and the growth of various Buddhist sects and also special features of some local areas throughout the country.

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The reader may not agree with the authors about the matter preference because of its limitations. However, this selection conveys to the reader their true attempt to give a general view of our Vietnamese cultural heritage and in particular, their deep admiration for Vietnamese Buddhism, a religion of compassion and wisdom which has long been invigorating the national life, but at the same time it has been imbued with national vigour itself.

Altogether, I think this is a valuable book which I highly recommend the reader. Tu Dam Pagoda. December Bhikkhu Thich Thien Sieu. Translated by Tran Phuong Lan. For a long time, many pagodas in Vietnam have been places where values are preserved as part of the national heritage. A study of Vietnamese Pagodas consists not only in learning about the development of Vietnamese Buddhism, but also in exploring various aspects of the Vietnamese culture.

All this will help us to intensify our national pride and our sense of responsibility for preserving our worthy cultural heritage handed down from earlier generations. In the changing situation of our country, many pieces of research on Vietnamese Pagodas have been published, contributing to the trend of restoring and preserving our national culture.

In editing "45 Famous Pagodas In Vietnam", a modest contribution of ours to the trend, we hope to present a general survey of Vietnamese history alongside traditional festivals, literary works, monastic architectural and sculptural designs concerning the 45 famous pagodas scattered all over the country.

In our opinion, they are more or less symbols of the development of Vietnamese Buddhism, the growth of different Buddhist sects and the main features of some well-known areas throughout the country. Next too pieces of writing are photographs of diverse monastic sculptural and architectural shapes.

Of course, there are many other pagodas which we have not been able to present to the reader on account of the limitations of our writing material and the format of this book. We hope the reader will overlook any shortcomings which may remain in our book. In preparing the book, we have made use of historical or literary documents about Vietnamese Buddhism gathered by previous researchers.

In addition, the facts we have found from our trips to many local areas have helped us to compare and contrast all material to complete our pieces of writing. On the occasion of the publication of the book, we would like to convey our sincere thanks to all Venerable Elders of the above-mentioned Pagodas and Monasteries for their assistance in collecting documents necessary for our work.

S Executive Council and Head of the Department of Monastic Education for his kindness in contributing a delightful foreword to our book, our English Translators Messrs. And finally we extend our thanks to the Directorate of My Thuat Publisher for providing favourable conditions for the publication of this book.

A large number of these pieces of research are a mixture of prose and verse. Since I undertake the task of translating Part II Pagodas in Central and South Vietnamwhich contains numerous poems, odes and parallel sentences composed by well-known Chinese or Vietnamese poets, kings and Ch'an Masters throughout nearly ten centuries, I think that it is impossible to interpret the spirit and reproduce the beauty of the original stanzas concerning Buddhism especially Ch'an Dhyana Buddhism, into a prose translation.

Moreover, it is extremely difficult to understand thee true feelings conveyed in the verses uttered by Ch'an Masters and above all, Ch'an Patriarchs. Before doing the time-consuming translation of these many poems, I have consulted only the original Chinese texts and some Vietnamese versions without any available English ones.

Therefore, I have tried hard to offer the reader a fair rendering of the authors' words and not to deviate from the time-honoured traditional interpretation of Ch'an poetry.With exciting experiences uniquely tailored for your needs, this is the perfect destination during your journey to discover Vietnam's gorgeous natural and cultural beauties, as well as its hospitable people.

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An index futures contract binds the parties to an agreed value for the underlying index at a specified future date. Fair Value of an Index Future Although index futures are closely correlated to the underlying index, they are not identical. An investor in index futures does not receive (if long) or owe (if short) dividends on the stocks in the index, unlike an investor who buys or sells short the component stocks or an exchange-traded fund that tracks the index.

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Wesley Reul, United States Iceland Full Circle, May 2017 I have already recommended Nordic Visitor to all my friends, family and colleagues. Marjorie Barron, Australia Iceland Complete, May 2017 Very quick to answer all of my questions with friendly informative replies Choices of varied accommodation was wonderful - loved the guesthouses.

Martha O'Connell, United States Iceland Full Circle, May 2017 We had a wonderful time. William Gossett, United States Exotic Hideaways - Winter, April 2017 We greatly enjoyed the tour and have specifically recommended it to friends already (to see if they want to join us for another one. Jennifer Brinker, United States Iceland Full Circle, March 2017 I've already recommended Nordic Visitor to two friends.

Sharon Addis, United Kingdom Iceland Full Circle - Winter, March 2017 Your company is terrific. Sandra Elsom, United Kingdom Northern Lights Circle Tour, February 2017 I was just so impressed with everything. Amanda Risner, United States Iceland Winter World, January 2017 Thor was excellent.

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Mary Dawson, United States A New Year's to Remember in Iceland, December 2016 I cannot express enough how much we loved every aspect of this trip. Wendy, United States Golden Circle and South Coast - Winter, December 2016 Thanks so much. We got to have exactly the vacation we wanted, and it was just wonderful. Christina, United States Icelandic Winter Highlights, October 2016 The tour exceeded my expectations.

It was an unforgettable experience to an extraordinarily beautiful country. The tour guide was sincere, knowledgeable and kind. He being a native to Iceland made the experience even more authentic. The group size was perfect, enabling the guide to personalize the tour even more.

It was good to have some personal time in Reykjavik to explore on my own. I felt it a very walkable city, and I felt completely safe exploring on my own. The locals were always friendly, and willing to help me find my way when I got a little turned around.

I've wanted to visit Iceland four about 12 years, and realizing a dream through this tour was more than I could have asked for. Thank you - I'll be returning to Iceland. Sandy, United States Iceland Winter World, October 2016 Outstanding Tour and the people were wonderful.

Hilmar did an outstanding job long distance and this tour was more than I had ever anticipated. What a beautiful place. Thank you for your dedicated help and follow through. John, United Kingdom South Iceland at Leisure - Winter, October 2016 We had an amazing time in Iceland visiting some incredible places. The tour was well put together, with each day full of interest. We visited many of your recommended places along our route, all of which we enjoyed greatly. Mayur, United States Express Iceland, October 2016 You were absolutely amazing from the beginning till the end.

Tay Wei Ting, Singapore Exotic Hideaways, September 2016 The little gems along the way were a great touch. Stephanie, Australia Iceland Full Circle, September 2016 All the guesthouses we stayed in were very very comfortable.

Margaret and Paul, United Kingdom Iceland Full Circle, September 2016 The day tours were excellent, particularly the ones from Hofn, Isafjordur and Akureyri.

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